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Leland and Gray Concussion Action Plan (PDF)

*******Leland and Gray Concussion Action Plan*******

Management of Sports-Related Concussions

Leland and Gray Union Middle/High School (LGUMHS) has developed this protocol to address the issue of the identification and management of concussions for students who participate in school sports. Act 68 was passed into law in 2013 and requires that schools have an action plan.

A safe return to activity protocol (learning and athletics) is important for all athletes following any injury, but it is essential after a concussion. The goal of this concussion protocol is to ensure that concussed athletes are identified, treated and referred appropriately for return to learn and return to play. Consistent use of a concussion management protocol will ensure that the athlete receives appropriate follow-up and/or academic accommodations in order to make certain that the athlete is fully recovered prior to returning to full athletic play activity.

This protocol will be reviewed annually by the Athletic and Activities Director. Changes and modifications will be reviewed and written notifications will be provided to athletic department staff, coaches and other appropriate school personnel.

All coaches are required to certify concussion management training every two (2) years. Parents and athletes must be educated about concussions annually.   The written documentation of coaches’ annual training shall be kept in the coach’s personnel file and the student/parents’ annual training will be kept in the student file and will be tracked by Marty Testo, Athletic and Activities Director.

Recognition of Concussion

These signs and symptoms – following a witnessed or suspected blow to the head or body – are indicative of a probable concussion.

Signs (observed by others)

Symptoms (reported by athlete)

Forgets plays

Appears dazed or stunned


Exhibits confusion


Unsure about game, score, opponent

Nausea or vomiting

Moves clumsily (altered coordination)

Double vision, blurry vision

Balance problems

Sensitive to light or noise

Personality change

Feels sluggish

Responds slowly to questions

Feels “foggy”

Forgets events prior to hit

Problems concentrating

Forgets events after the hit

Problems remembering

Loss of consciousness (not required )

Any athlete who exhibits signs, symptoms, or behaviors consistent with a concussion must be removed from competition or practice and will not be allowed to train or compete with a school athletic team or participate in Physical Education Classes until the athlete has been examined by and received written permission to participate in athletic activities from a health care provider (per Act 68, approved by the VT Legislature in 2013).  

Arlene Hanson, RN, School Nurse during school hours; Dr. Ruth Ann Dunn after hours if present at game; Grace Cottage Hospital Emergency Department doctor otherwise has been designated as the individual who can make the initial decision to remove a student athlete from play when it is suspected the athlete may have suffered a concussion.

Athletes with a suspected concussion should not be permitted to drive home.

School must notify parents/guardians within 24 hours if student sustains a concussion.

Arlene Hanson, RN, School Nurse during school hours within 24 hours; Marty Testo, Athletic and Activities Director on weekends; is the individual assigned to inform parents/guardians that their student/child may have sustained a concussion.

Act 68 requires that schools must outline the steps required before a student athlete can return to athletic or learning activity.

Return to Learn Protocol: The following steps are required before the student can return to academic activity (for more detail see Return to Learn Protocol – Section 7 of School Concussion Management Toolkit). The student is required to complete the RTL protocol and be symptom free for 24 hours before beginning the RTP protocol.

  1. Home - Total Rest
  2. Home – Light Mental Activity
  3. School – part time – maximum accommodations
  4. School - part time – moderate accommodations
  5. School – full time – minimal accommodations
  6. School – full time – full academics, no accommodations

Return to Play Protocol: For more detail see Return to Play Protocol – Section 8 of School Concussion Management Toolkit.

  • The return to play plan should start only when you have been without any symptoms for 24 hours.
  • It is important to wait for 24 hours between steps because symptoms may develop several hours after completing a step.
  • Do not take any pain medications while moving through this plan (no ibuprofen, aspirin, Aleve, or Tylenol).
  • This program should be supervised by an athletic trainer, school nurse or health care professional trained in the management of concussions

Step 1: Aerobic conditioning - Walking, swimming, or stationary cycling.

Step 2: Sports specific drills – running drills in soccer/basketball.

Step 3: Non-contact training drills – include more complex training drills (passing in soccer/basketball. Running specific pattern plays, etc).

Step 4: Full contact practice.

Step 5:Full clearance for return to play.

Arlene H. Hanson, RN, School Nurse, is that person designated by the school to approve the Graded Return to non-contact physical activities.

Arlene H. Hanson, RN, School Nurse, is the individual who will make the final decision regarding the student’s return to athletic activity.

Remember: When in doubt, sit them out!